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North East Asian Regional-GOOS (NEAR-GOOS)

  • Overview

North East Asian Regional (NEAR-GOOS) is a regional pilot project of GOOS in the North East Asian Region, implemented by China, Japan, the Republic of Korea and the Russian Federation as one activity of IOC Sub-Commission for the Western Pacific (WESTPAC). NEAR-GOOS was conceived in 1995 and initiated in 1996 upon the formal adoption of the NEAR-GOOS Implementation Plan and Operational Manual by the 29th Executive Council of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission following a recommendation from the WESTPAC Regional Sub commission of IOC earlier in the year. It became one of the first regional pilot projects of GOOS.

Through the cooperation among partner countries, NEARGOOS links observations to modeling and predictions to provide data and information needed to improve the regional ability to achieve seven societal goals:

  • Improve ocean services in the region;
  • Provide data and information useful in the mitigation of the effects of natural disasters (waves, storm surges, and sea-ice, etc.);
  • Increase the safety and efficiency of fishery activity and maritime operations;
  • Allow effective pollution monitoring;
  • Monitor environmental factors useful to mariculture, Harm Algae Bloom in particular;
  • Provide information on the health of the coastal zone for recreation purposes;
  • Provide data sets required for data assimilation, modeling and forecasting.

  • Area of NEAR-GOOS

The area of NEAR-GOOS is the North-East Asian region, which is a part of the WESTPAC region, bounded by China, Republic of Korea, Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the Russian Federation along its western boundary, and by the Russian Federation and Japan along the eastern boundary.

  • PRINCIPLE
  1. Participating countries recognize the importance of regional cooperation, for ocean observing and research activities in North-East Asian region, within the framework of the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS);
  2. Each participating country shall designate responsible organizations to participate in NEAR-GOOS;
  3. Each participating country shall implement NEAR GOOS in cooperation with IOC and the other organizations that cosponsoring GOOS;
  4. The participating countries shall promote human resource training activities within the WESTPAC region, with specific objectives that covering area of the project. The number of the participating countries should be expanded as well as the observational network improved;
  5. The data obtained within the context of NEAR-GOOS shall be made available to the Data Bases, and shall be accessible to other countries within the framework of GOOS. To promote the exchange of data between the regions within the framework of GOOS, the participating countries shall cooperate with other regional activities related to GOOS. The operation of NEAR-GOOS, shall be evaluated and reported regularly to the governing bodies of IOC through I-GOOS and WESTPAC Sub-Commission;
  6. ALL IOC-and particularly WESTPAC-Member States are encouraged to participate in NEAR-GOOS through the submission of data and use of the NEAR-GOOS data bases.

  • NEAR-GOOS Committee

Committee shall consist of representatives of all member countries. Each country shall designate two members, preferably with one person coming from the operational meteorological/oceanographic community. The Committee shall elect a Chairperson among the members. The Chairperson of the Coordinating Committee will act as NEAR-GOOS Coordinator. The Committee shall meet to the extent possible in regular annual sessions at the expense of the participating countries. Other countries and appropriately affiliated organizations can attend the sessions as observers. In case a Member is unable to attend, his or her government will try to send a suitable replacement, so that there is continuity of representation.

The Committee currently consists of:

  • Dr. Yu Ting (NMDIS, China)
  • Dr. Zhang Zhihua (NMEFC, China)
  • Mr. Satoshi Sato (JODC, Japan)
  • Mr. Yoshiaki Kanno (JMA, Japan)
  • Dr. Hee-Dong Jeong (KODC, Rep. of Korea)
  • Mr. Ok-Soo Kim (NORI, Rep. of Korea)
  • Dr. Vyacheslav Lobanov (POI, Russia) Chairperson of the Committee
  • Dr. Eugeny Karasev (FERHRI, Russia)
  • Terms of Reference

The general Terms of Reference for the Committee is to:

  1. Coordinate the development of applications in operational oceanography that demonstrate the usefulness of regional collaboration;
  2. Encourage the increase the volume of quality-controlled data available to the NEAR-GOOS Community through the respective national and regional databases, where possible with the smallest time delay possible;
  3. Inventory and analyse existing activities relevant to NEAR-GOOS including operational systems and programmes, organizations, scientific programmes, services and products, commercial interests, and training and capacity building;
  4. Coordinate to produce integrated comprehensive data sets and data products that conform to the principle of end-to-end data management;
  5. Prepare a NEAR-GOOS Strategic Plan that highlights the direction of NEAR-GOOS over the next five years that incorporates the economic, social and environmental protection needs of the region with a clear approach to enhancing the coordinating mechanism of NEAR-GOOS;
  6. Publicise and disseminate NEAR-GOOS plans and information to regional governments and the general public;
  7. Recommend scientific and technical activities to support NEAR-GOOS implementation by coordinating new pilot projects and providing linkages to existing projects and programmes;
  8. Produce guiding documents for the near real time data collection and exchange in the NEAR-GOOS region;
  9. Advise and consider sources of funding for pilot project development with various funding agencies and in consultation with pilot project leaders;
  10. Liaison with national NEAR-GOOS committees, JCOMM, GOOS Project Office and other GOOS-related bodies as appropriate;
  11. Develop linkages with existing relevant organizations, programmes and projects in the region.

NEAR-GOOS Development
North East Asian Regional (NEAR-GOOS) is a regional pilot project of GOOS in the North East Asian Region, implemented by China, Japan, the Republic of Korea and the Russian Federation as one activity of IOC Sub-Commission for the Western Pacific (WESTPAC). NEAR-GOOS was conceived in 1995 and initiated in 1996 upon the formal adoption of the NEAR-GOOS Implementation Plan and Operational Manual by the 29th Executive Council of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission following a recommendation from the WESTPAC Regional Sub commission of IOC earlier in the year. It became one of the first regional pilot projects of GOOS.

  • NEAR-GOOS First Phase

The primary aim of NEAR-GOOS in its first phase was to facilitate the sharing of oceanographic data gathered by agencies of the partner countries using the Internet, to support the daily mapping of conditions in the marginal seas bordered by the partner countries (5). Although it was anticipated that this should eventually lead to improvement in the availability of information and ocean services for all kinds of beneficial purposes (in particular maritime weather and storm forecasting, fishing operations, pollution monitoring and coastal management), it is important to note that these flow-on outcomes were not specific goals for the first phase.
The most important successes of NEAR-GOOS in its first phase have been:

  1. The consolidation of a functional two-mode ‘distributed’ Internet-based database structure in the partner countries as a workable model for the enhancement and coordinated handling of oceanographic data at national level; 
  2. The linking of this structure with two Regional Databases that are responsible for the receipt and merging of data concerning the NEAR-GOOS region as a whole, thus creating a regional database system which is part of GOOS; 
  3. The adoption and practice of a free and open data exchange policy, predating the formulation of such a policy for GOOS as a whole; 
  4. The implementation of coordinated and approved data exchange management training for regional participants. 
  • NEAR-GOOS Second Phase

As it enters its second phase greater attention needs to be placed on how NEAR-GOOS should be strategically developed to deliver benefit and utility of its ocean data-gathering effort to its member states. This might involve a greater range of data types and the deriving of generic ‘products’ such as model analyses and synthesized maps. For this to be possible, it will also require more direct involvement of the agencies concerned and the recruitment of a wider range of organizations and disciplines.
The mission of NEAR-GOOS in its second phase is "to develop a comprehensive and sustained ocean observing network in the North-East Asian regional seas and coastal regions, especially focussed on observations, monitoring and other activities that cannot be easily implemented by countries acting independently. This network will embrace a wide range of data types and will be accompanied by pilot observing experiments, trials and demonstrations, training and useful products for use by the participating members and as a contribution to the GOOS and other global observing initiatives."

The goals of NEAR-GOOS in its second phase is to "development of a basic integrated ocean observing and operational forecasting system in the NEAR-GOOS area adhering to the GOOS Principles and building on the data management and exchange mechanisms developed in the first phase through the inclusion of additional parameters, increased coverage in space and time, the generation of a generic suite of data products and adequate quality control and quality assurance procedures". The operation of NEAR-GOOS has been coordinated and managed by the IOC/WESTPAC Coordinating Committee for NEAR-GOOS which operates with the following general Terms of Reference (revised at the seventh session of the Coordinating Committee in Vladivostok, 2002, Recommendation SC-WESTPAC-NEAR-GOOS-VII.1).

 

  • NEAR-GOOS Working Groups

Currently, there are three NEAR-GOOS working groups identified by the member states, they are:

Working group on NEAR-GOOS Product

Working group on Data Management

Working group on Working group on Ocean Forecasting System Developments


 NEAR-GOOS Member Countries:          

NMDIS, SOA hosts the CDMDB for NRARGOOS web site
Document maintained by cdmdb@mail.nmdis.gov.cn
Updated: Nov 30, 2015 11:38:05 GMT+8
http://near-goos.coi.gov.cn